Yukon Self Government Agreement

In order to put the final Framework Agreement into practice, a working group was formed for its implementation. The group, which still operates today, includes representatives from each of the self-governing First Nations, as well as territorial and federal governments. The Ta`an Kwäch`än Council signed its Final Self-Government Agreements on January 13, 2002 and became a Self-Governing First Nation on April 1, 2002. This map shows the traditional territories of Yukon`s 11 self-governing First Nations. The Government of Yukon and a committee of First Nations chiefs reached an important milestone earlier this summer. On June 3, 2021, they reached an agreement to establish a First Nations School Board, which will allow First Nation communities in the region to assume more authority and control over how children are taught and responsibility for the eventual operation of local schools. On the 29th. In May 1993, 11 Yukon First Nations and the governments of Canada and Yukon signed the Final Framework Agreement (MFA). The UFA is not a legal document, but a political agreement between the signatory first nations, Yukon and Canada. It forms the basis of the Yukon First Nation`s 11 Final Agreements. Unlike the UFA, these agreements are legal documents and protected by the Constitution. The Final Framework Agreement is the framework within which 11 of Yukon`s 14 First Nations have entered into a final claims settlement agreement.

All provisions of the Final Framework Agreement are part of each First Nations Final Agreement. Final Framework Agreement Read the original text of the Final Framework Agreement signed in 1993 by 11 Yukon First Nations, Yukon and the federal government. Smith explains that the education provided by the Canadian government is not relevant to the values and beliefs of Yukon Aboriginal people. The Canadian government offers studies related to economics and mainly encourages students to pursue post-secondary education. [6] Smith believes that if Yukon First Nations are empowered to change the education system, they would be able to develop programs that are relevant and appropriate for Indigenous peoples. [6] Programs could include land education, arts and crafts. The shares of these properties will be transferred or recognized in accordance with the following agreement. In 1973, Elijah Smith (front row) led a group of Yukon First Nation leaders in Ottawa. The delegation, which is represented here on the steps of the Parliament Buildings, convinced the federal government to begin land claims negotiations. Yukon`s 11 self-governing First Nations have nearly 7,000 beneficiaries and 31,603 square kilometres of settlement land. Self-governing Yukon First Nations will also receive financial compensation, which will be paid more than 15 years after the effective date of their agreement.

In addition to compensation money, the Canadian government also provides funding to Yukon First Nations and various agencies and committees for the implementation of land claims. Since 1993, 11 of Yukon`s 14 First Nations have entered into land claims and self-government agreements, representing almost half of these agreements in Canada. These agreements are modern, constitutionally protected treaties that set out the rights of First Nations to their traditional territories. They describe how federal, territorial and First Nation governments interact with each other and define First Nations ownership and decision-making powers over human settlements lands – from fish and wildlife to education. Mapping the Way Mapping the Way is a non-partisan organization that celebrates and raises awareness of Yukon First Nation`s land claims and self-government. Find videos, photos, and historical stories on their website. From left to right John Ostashek, Head of Government of Yukon; Judy Gingell, Chair of the Council of Yukon Indians; and Tom Siddon, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Gingell celebrates after the signing of the final framework agreement on 29 May 1993. 20 (1) With respect to any of the matters listed in Schedule III, Part II, in which a situation occurring outside the country of establishment of a First Nation set out in Schedule II constitutes an emergency for any citizen of the First Nation, the Government of Yukon may, to the extent provided for in the Agreement on Self-Government, exercise a power conferred by a territorial law: to mitigate the state of emergency, regardless of whether a law passed by the First Nation applies in respect of the state of emergency. 29 Any law passed under the Indian Act by a predecessor group of a First Nation and in force immediately before the day on which the First Nations Self-Government Agreement comes into force applies to the First Nation and its citizens as if the Act were law passed by the First Nation, to the extent that the Laws do not conflict with that Act or the Constitution of the First Nation. Nation and will not be amended or repealed by any law promulgated by the First Nation after that day. The Final Framework Agreement was signed in 1993.

It paved the way for individual agreements with First Nations and for reconciliation and positive change for all Yukoners. 26 For the avoidance of doubt, nothing in this Act renders invalid a provision or amendment to a provision of a stand-alone agreement for which no specific provision is provided for in that Act. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada is one of the federal departments responsible for implementing the final and self-contained agreements. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada fulfills this role by negotiating various agreements under the Self-Government Agreements on behalf of the Government of Canada, representing the Government of Canada on the Trilateral Implementation Working Group, and representing the Government of Canada on the Senior Financial Committee under the Autonomous Transfer of Funds Agreements. (3) During the transition period of a First Nation, the income of an Indian registered under the First Nation`s Final Agreement and residing in Yukon is exempt from tax under the Income Tax Act if the place of income is on reserve. The implementation of the cooperation agreement between Selkirk First Nation and Capstone Resources (operator of the Minto mine, located on Selkirk First Nation`s Class A lands) was another challenge for staff who had no expertise in this area. (2) If a First Nation`s Self-Government Agreement provides that the Indian Act continues to apply to the countries referred to in subsection (1), this Act continues to apply to those lands as if the First Nation were a band and as if the citizens of the First Nation who could be registered or registered as Indians were members of that band. within the meaning of this Act.

The objective of the Intergovernmental Forum is to develop a shared vision for governance in Yukon through final and stand-alone agreements. The structure of the Forum and the process it follows are set out in the Protocol to the Intergovernmental Forum. On the 26th. An intergovernmental forum was held in July 2010. The mandate of the Yukon Heritage Resources Board, as set out in the Yukon First Nation`s Final Agreements and the Yukon Historic Resources Act, is to make recommendations to the federal, territorial and Yukon First Nations governments on matters affecting the territory`s cultural heritage resources. The Council may also be invited to make findings in accordance with Chapter 13, Section (Ownership of Disputed Cultural Heritage Resources) and Section 13.3.6 (Management of Ethnographic, Paleontological or Archaeological Objects) of the Final Agreements. Another important success was the establishment of the Tsâwnjik Chu Habitat Reserve (Nordenskiold) and the approval of a management plan. The management plan reflects years of work by Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation and the Government of Yukon.

The habitat reserve was a key component of the Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation Final Agreement, and the completion of the management plan is an example of what can be achieved when governments work together. Other activities related to energy, mining and resources in support of regional land use planning include budget reviews and approvals; review, approve and monitor funding agreements; appointments to the Planning Council and the Regional Planning Commission; Process development planning; and lectures at planning workshops. "We are pleased to be on the doorstep of creating a Yukon First Nations School Board that will give Yukon First Nations more control, authority and responsibility over the education of their citizens and support self-determination," said Dana Tizya-Tramm, Chief of the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation, one of the signatories to the agreement and Chair of the Chiefs` Committee on Education. .